The effects of alcohol on the human body

Our digestive tracts contain millions of micro-organisms which are necessary for us to properly digest our food. Once in the body, alcohol is broken down into carbon dioxide and water. The unborn foetus is also highly sensitive to brain damage by ethanol — in the extreme cases leading to Fetal Alcohol Syndrome FASa condition characterized by facial disfigurement, growth retardation and brain damage particularly to the corpus callosum, basal ganglia and cerebellum.

Ethanol, especially in high doses associated with heavy drinking, is a potent inhibitor of the NMDA receptor. When the perceived fear is gone, the hypothalamus should tell all systems to go back to normal. First and foremost, it depresses the brain tissue, the nervous system and destroys brain cells.

However, binge drinking and high alcohol consumption was found to increase the risk of type 2 diabetes in women. Even by itself Tylenol can cause liver failure.

Alcohol’s Effects on Organs

Consequently, red blood cell-carried oxygen to many cells is reduced. A six-year study of nearly three thousand men showed nearly four times greater incidence of ischemic heart disease in abstainers as in heavy drinkers and nearly twice the incidence in moderate drinkers over heavy drinkers for the fifth with the highest LDL cholesterol levels.

Tolerance refers to the fact that an increasingly higher dose of the drug is required to produce the same effect. Alcohol consumption and balance[ edit ] Alcohol can affect balance by altering the viscosity of the endolymph within the otolithic membranethe fluid inside the semicircular canals inside the ear.

As stated above, a controlled randomized, double-blind, long-term longitudinal epidemiological study of ethanol will probably never be done.

Large quantities of alcohol mixed with antabuse can lead to death.

Short-term effects of alcohol consumption

It would be no surprise to find higher rates of cardiovascular disease among nondrinkers who smoke more than light drinkers — an effect not due to the difference in drinking behavior.

Some drugs can also stop your bones from growing properly, while others result in severe muscle cramping and general weakness. Daily drinking can increase liver metabolism of ethanol by as much as a third. Brain damage to alcoholics is attributed to malnutrition rather than to neurotoxicity of ethanol.

Then another enzyme "aldehyde dehydrogenase" must break the AH down into acetate. Untreated diabetes can lead to severe consequences including blindness, amputation of limbs affected by gangrene and even death--so diabetics are recommended to be especially cautious about their alcohol intake.

CYP2E1does its work in the microsomes of the cell. The Science of Drinking: These factors are unrelated to the physical effects of alcohol. Most individuals use a form of acetaldehyde dehydrogenase called ALD2 to metabolize the acetaldehyde which results from alcohol metabolism.

The following are some of them. Chronic heavy alcohol consumption impairs brain development, causes alcohol dementiabrain shrinkagephysical dependencealcoholic polyneuropathy also known as 'alcohol leg'increases neuropsychiatric and cognitive disorders and causes distortion of the brain chemistry.

Ethanol initially promotes sleep even though suppressing REM sleepbut after several hours there will be more awakenings — an unsatisfying sleep experience. And moderate doses of ethanol induce "a significant deterioration of capacity to detect the activation of erroneous responses.

This substance then binds to proteins in the mouth triggering an inflammatory response from the body. Alcohol brings only problems to your life. Using hamsters, the group demonstrated that red wine extract significantly reduces atherosclerotic fatty streaks in the aorta and that this effect is even greater when combined with ethanol.

The body of the average human metabolizes around 13 ml of alcohol per hour regardless.

Human Body Systems: Facts

The alcohol dehydrogenase molecules do their work primarily in the stomach and the liver, although traces of them are found in other tissues as well.Alcohol and the Human Body. Alcohol’s Properties. Alcohol is a general term denoting a family of organic chemicals with common properties. Members of this family include ethanol, methanol, isopropanol, and others.

The class covers automatic sampling, insufficient breath, manual sampling and mouth alcohol effects. This ebook offers middle-school students a better understanding of the effects that drinking alcohol can have on the human body and its systems.

It is published by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). “Facts About Alcohol,” U.S.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism “Alcohol and Underage Drinking,” School of Public Health at John Hopkins University “Results from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings,” SAMHSA.

Purpose. To help students explore the chemical and physical effects of alcohol on these human body organ systems: the digestive system, the central nervous system, the circulatory system, and the endocrine system. *The human body consists of several major body systems: Circulatory System, Digestive System, Endocrine System, Excretory System, Immune System, Muscular System, Nervous System, Reproductive System, Respiratory System, Skeletal System All of the body systems work together to maintain a healthy body.

*The circulatory system consists of blood vessels and the heart. Diuresis. A diuretic is a substance that results in the body producing an increased amount of urine. According to Dr. Robert Swift and Dr.

Dena Davidson, alcohol’s diuretic effect is fairly significant: drinking the equivalent of 50 grams of alcohol in about 8 ounces of water -- in other words, drinking four 2-oz. shots of liquor -- can result in the elimination of up to 1 quart of liquid as.

The effects of alcohol on the human body
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